Electromagnetic Response in an Expanding Quark–Gluon Plasma

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The validity of conventional Ohm’s law is tested in the context of a rapidly evolving quark–gluon plasma produced in heavy-ion collisions. Here, we discuss the electromagnetic response using an analytical solution in kinetic theory. As conjectured previously, after switching on an electric field in a nonexpanding plasma, the time-dependent current is given by (Formula presented.), where (Formula presented.) is the transport relaxation time and (Formula presented.) is the steady-state electrical conductivity. Such an incomplete electromagnetic response reduces the efficiency of the magnetic flux trapping in the quark–gluon plasma, and may prevent the observation of the chiral magnetic effect. Here, we extend the study to the case of a rapidly expanding plasma. We find that the decreasing temperature and the increasing transport relaxation time have opposite effects on the electromagnetic response. While the former suppresses the time-dependent conductivity, the latter enhances it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-450
Number of pages9
JournalParticles
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • electrical conductivity
  • heavy-ion collisions
  • kinetic theory
  • quark–gluon plasma
  • transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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