Electrochemical nanoimprinting of silicon: A direct patterning approach

Aliaksandr Sharstniou, Stanislau Niauzorau, Bruno Azeredo

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Soft-lithography and nanoimprinting lithography have been critical in manufacturing 3D features with sub-20 nm resolution onto polymeric materials. However, methods for transferring 3D polymeric patterns (i.e. template) into silicon have relied upon the etch selectivity of the mask pattern during reactive ion etching, which in turn limits aspect-ratio, introduces shape distortions and introduces surface roughness via scalloping effects. To tackle this problem, this paper demonstrates an electrochemical nanoimprinting process for single-crystal semiconductors for directly etching 3D features into silicon wafers without the need for templates or lithographical steps. It is shown that stamps made of porous catalysts used in the imprinting process allows for better morphology control of the imprinted silicon which is attributed to increased pathways for diffusion of chemical species during imprinting. This process delivers low-defect density, and large-area patterning (>1 cm2) in a single imprinting operation. Further, it outperforms the resolution and scalability of leading serial (e.g. FIB, electron beam) and parallel (e.g. gray-scale lithography) methods altogether, allowing for fast replication of patterns onto hard materials from a soft or polymeric mold. This technique bypasses the need for dry etching and is potentially compatible with roll-to-roll platforms, amorphous and poly silicon and III-V semiconductors. In turn, it may pave the way for mold replication onto hard molds and the manufacturing of complex objects for infrared optics.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationNovel Patterning Technologies 2018
    EditorsMartha I. Sanchez, Eric M. Panning
    PublisherSPIE
    Volume10584
    ISBN (Electronic)9781510616608
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
    EventNovel Patterning Technologies 2018 - San Jose, United States
    Duration: Feb 26 2018Mar 1 2018

    Other

    OtherNovel Patterning Technologies 2018
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Jose
    Period2/26/183/1/18

    Fingerprint

    Silicon
    Patterning
    Lithography
    Etching
    silicon
    lithography
    Replication
    etching
    Template
    Dry etching
    Manufacturing
    Defect density
    Reactive ion etching
    III-V Semiconductors
    Molds
    Silicon wafers
    scalloping
    templates
    manufacturing
    Scalability

    Keywords

    • electrochemical imprinting
    • MACE
    • metal-assisted chemical etching
    • microengineering
    • microfabrication
    • nanoimprinting
    • silicon photonics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    Sharstniou, A., Niauzorau, S., & Azeredo, B. (2018). Electrochemical nanoimprinting of silicon: A direct patterning approach. In M. I. Sanchez, & E. M. Panning (Eds.), Novel Patterning Technologies 2018 (Vol. 10584). [105840Y] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2297566

    Electrochemical nanoimprinting of silicon : A direct patterning approach. / Sharstniou, Aliaksandr; Niauzorau, Stanislau; Azeredo, Bruno.

    Novel Patterning Technologies 2018. ed. / Martha I. Sanchez; Eric M. Panning. Vol. 10584 SPIE, 2018. 105840Y.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Sharstniou, A, Niauzorau, S & Azeredo, B 2018, Electrochemical nanoimprinting of silicon: A direct patterning approach. in MI Sanchez & EM Panning (eds), Novel Patterning Technologies 2018. vol. 10584, 105840Y, SPIE, Novel Patterning Technologies 2018, San Jose, United States, 2/26/18. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2297566
    Sharstniou A, Niauzorau S, Azeredo B. Electrochemical nanoimprinting of silicon: A direct patterning approach. In Sanchez MI, Panning EM, editors, Novel Patterning Technologies 2018. Vol. 10584. SPIE. 2018. 105840Y https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2297566
    Sharstniou, Aliaksandr ; Niauzorau, Stanislau ; Azeredo, Bruno. / Electrochemical nanoimprinting of silicon : A direct patterning approach. Novel Patterning Technologies 2018. editor / Martha I. Sanchez ; Eric M. Panning. Vol. 10584 SPIE, 2018.
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