Abstract

Electrochemical oxidation (EO) is an advanced oxidation process for water treatment to mineralize organic contaminants. While proven to degrade a range of emerging pollutants in water, less attention has been given to quantify the effect of operational variables such applied current density and pollutant concentration on efficiency and energy requirements. Particular figures of merit were mineralization current efficiency (MCE) and electrical energy per order (EEO). Linear increases of applied current exponentially decreased the MCE due to the enhancement of undesired parasitic reactions that consumed generated hydroxyl radical. EEO values ranged from 39.3 to 331.8 kW h m−3 order−1. Increasing the applied current also enhanced the EEO due to the transition from kinetics limited by current to kinetics limited by mass transfer. Further increases in current did not influence the removal rate, but it raised the EEO requirement. The EEO requirement diminished when decreasing initial pollutant loading with the increase of the apparent kinetic rate because of the relative availability of oxidant per pollutant molecule in solution at a defined current. Oxidation by-products released were identified, and a plausible degradative pathway has been suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-311
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume188
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Chlorobenzoates
Diamond
Boron
Electrochemical oxidation
boron
diamond
Diamonds
Anodes
Electrodes
oxidation
Kinetics
Acids
acid
Water Pollutants
energy
Oxidation
pollutant
Water Purification
Water treatment
Oxidants

Keywords

  • Boron-doped diamond
  • Electrochemical advanced oxidation processes
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Mechanism
  • Persistent organic pollutant
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Electrical energy per order and current efficiency for electrochemical oxidation of p-chlorobenzoic acid with boron-doped diamond anode",
abstract = "Electrochemical oxidation (EO) is an advanced oxidation process for water treatment to mineralize organic contaminants. While proven to degrade a range of emerging pollutants in water, less attention has been given to quantify the effect of operational variables such applied current density and pollutant concentration on efficiency and energy requirements. Particular figures of merit were mineralization current efficiency (MCE) and electrical energy per order (EEO). Linear increases of applied current exponentially decreased the MCE due to the enhancement of undesired parasitic reactions that consumed generated hydroxyl radical. EEO values ranged from 39.3 to 331.8 kW h m−3 order−1. Increasing the applied current also enhanced the EEO due to the transition from kinetics limited by current to kinetics limited by mass transfer. Further increases in current did not influence the removal rate, but it raised the EEO requirement. The EEO requirement diminished when decreasing initial pollutant loading with the increase of the apparent kinetic rate because of the relative availability of oxidant per pollutant molecule in solution at a defined current. Oxidation by-products released were identified, and a plausible degradative pathway has been suggested.",
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author = "Mariana Lanzarini-Lopes and {GARCIA SEGURA}, Sergio and Kiril Hristovski and Paul Westerhoff",
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T1 - Electrical energy per order and current efficiency for electrochemical oxidation of p-chlorobenzoic acid with boron-doped diamond anode

AU - Lanzarini-Lopes, Mariana

AU - GARCIA SEGURA, Sergio

AU - Hristovski, Kiril

AU - Westerhoff, Paul

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Electrochemical oxidation (EO) is an advanced oxidation process for water treatment to mineralize organic contaminants. While proven to degrade a range of emerging pollutants in water, less attention has been given to quantify the effect of operational variables such applied current density and pollutant concentration on efficiency and energy requirements. Particular figures of merit were mineralization current efficiency (MCE) and electrical energy per order (EEO). Linear increases of applied current exponentially decreased the MCE due to the enhancement of undesired parasitic reactions that consumed generated hydroxyl radical. EEO values ranged from 39.3 to 331.8 kW h m−3 order−1. Increasing the applied current also enhanced the EEO due to the transition from kinetics limited by current to kinetics limited by mass transfer. Further increases in current did not influence the removal rate, but it raised the EEO requirement. The EEO requirement diminished when decreasing initial pollutant loading with the increase of the apparent kinetic rate because of the relative availability of oxidant per pollutant molecule in solution at a defined current. Oxidation by-products released were identified, and a plausible degradative pathway has been suggested.

AB - Electrochemical oxidation (EO) is an advanced oxidation process for water treatment to mineralize organic contaminants. While proven to degrade a range of emerging pollutants in water, less attention has been given to quantify the effect of operational variables such applied current density and pollutant concentration on efficiency and energy requirements. Particular figures of merit were mineralization current efficiency (MCE) and electrical energy per order (EEO). Linear increases of applied current exponentially decreased the MCE due to the enhancement of undesired parasitic reactions that consumed generated hydroxyl radical. EEO values ranged from 39.3 to 331.8 kW h m−3 order−1. Increasing the applied current also enhanced the EEO due to the transition from kinetics limited by current to kinetics limited by mass transfer. Further increases in current did not influence the removal rate, but it raised the EEO requirement. The EEO requirement diminished when decreasing initial pollutant loading with the increase of the apparent kinetic rate because of the relative availability of oxidant per pollutant molecule in solution at a defined current. Oxidation by-products released were identified, and a plausible degradative pathway has been suggested.

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