Electrical conducting properties of proton-conducting terbium-doped strontium cerate membrane

Xiwang Qi, Y. S. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electrical conduction behavior of SrCe0.95Tb0.05O3-δ (SCTb) was investigated in different gases at high temperatures. In air, oxygen or nitrogen SCTb shows small electronic-hole conduction below 800°C and oxygen ionic conduction over 800°C with activation energy about 30 kJ/mol and 164-181 kJ/mol respectively. SCTb becomes a protonic conductor in hydrogen or methane in 500-900°C, with the proton conductivity in the range of 10-3 - 10-2 S/cm, two to three orders of magnitude higher than electronic or oxygen ionic conductivity of SCTb in air or oxygen. The activation energy for protonic conduction in SCTb is 49 kJ/mol in methane and 54 kJ/mol in hydrogen. The electrical conductivity of SCTb in water vapor-saturated nitrogen, air or oxygen is higher than in corresponding gas without water vapor. Presence of water vapor does not affect the electrical conduction of SCTb in hydrogen or methane. Gas permeation measurements show that SCTb membrane is impermeable to hydrogen when the membrane is exposed to hydrogen or methane upstream and nitrogen or oxygen downstream. These results confirm that SCTb is a pure protonic conductor with very low electronic and oxygen ionic conductivity. SCTb will find applications as a high temperature electrolyte in fuel cells or hydrogen sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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