Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in earth's lower mantle

Hauke Marquardt, Sergio Speziale, Hans J. Reichmann, Daniel J. Frost, Frank R. Schilling, Edward Garnero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Seismic shear anisotropy in the lowermost mantle most likely results from elastic shear anisotropy and lattice preferred orientation of its constituent minerals, including perovskite, post-perovskite, and ferropericlase. Measurements of the elastic shear anisotropy of single-crystal (Mg 0.9Fe0.1)O up to 69 gigapascals (GPa) show that it increased considerably across the pressure-induced spin transition of iron between 40 and 60 GPa. Increasing iron content further enhances the anisotropy. This leads to at least 50% stronger elastic shear anisotropy of (Mg,Fe)O in the lowermost mantle compared to MgO, which is typically used in geodynamic modeling. Our results imply that ferropericlase is the dominant cause of seismic shear anisotropy in the lower mantle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-226
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume324
Issue number5924
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2009

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Anisotropy
Iron
Minerals
Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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Marquardt, H., Speziale, S., Reichmann, H. J., Frost, D. J., Schilling, F. R., & Garnero, E. (2009). Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in earth's lower mantle. Science, 324(5924), 224-226. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1169365

Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in earth's lower mantle. / Marquardt, Hauke; Speziale, Sergio; Reichmann, Hans J.; Frost, Daniel J.; Schilling, Frank R.; Garnero, Edward.

In: Science, Vol. 324, No. 5924, 10.04.2009, p. 224-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marquardt, H, Speziale, S, Reichmann, HJ, Frost, DJ, Schilling, FR & Garnero, E 2009, 'Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in earth's lower mantle', Science, vol. 324, no. 5924, pp. 224-226. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1169365
Marquardt H, Speziale S, Reichmann HJ, Frost DJ, Schilling FR, Garnero E. Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in earth's lower mantle. Science. 2009 Apr 10;324(5924):224-226. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1169365
Marquardt, Hauke ; Speziale, Sergio ; Reichmann, Hans J. ; Frost, Daniel J. ; Schilling, Frank R. ; Garnero, Edward. / Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in earth's lower mantle. In: Science. 2009 ; Vol. 324, No. 5924. pp. 224-226.
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