Abstract

This paper reports on the determination of elastic and hardness properties of Co-B composite nanoparticles (CNP). Co boride materials is usually known for their functional properties (hydrogen catalysis, magnetism, corrosion, biomedics), but nanoscale dimensions also bring significant mechanical properties. In situ compression tests of 70-150 nm core-shell silica-coated Co2B CNP (Composite nanoparticles) were performed for the first time with a nanoindenter in the load range 30-300 μN. The CNP modulus is comparable with the bulk material (ECNP = 159-166 GPa), but the hardness is as much as 5 times higher (∼4.5 ± 1.0 GPA). Both modulus and hardness (to a lesser extent) are found to increase with the applied pressure. The paper first addresses the limitations of ordinary contact analysis intended for single-phase NP, and then presents a hybrid Oliver-Pharr strategy suitable for CNP, where numerical modeling overcomes issues related to anisotropy and heterogenety of the composite nanostructure that hinder the direct application of basic contact models. An alternative regression-based approach for estimating modulus and hardness is also considered for comparison. The importance of the model selection for the contact area A for accurate modulus and hardness results is emphasized. Besides typical Hertzian, geometrical and cylindrical area models, a new one is formulated from a "rigid-sphere" approximation, which turned out to perform best and consistently in this study, on a par with the cylindrical model. Finally, evidence of the magnetic nature of CNP and, unexpectedly, reverse plasticity is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6474-6486
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Volume58
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Boron Compounds
Borides
Cobalt
Nanoparticles
Hardness
Composite materials
Magnetism
Silicon Dioxide
Catalysis
Plasticity
Hydrogen
Nanostructures
Anisotropy
Silica
Corrosion
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • Core-shell nanoparticles
  • Intermetallics
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nanomechanics
  • Transition metal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Rinaldi, A., Correa-Duarte, M. A., Salgueirino-Maceira, V., Licoccia, S., Traversa, E., Dávila-Ibáñez, A. B., ... Sieradzki, K. (2010). Elastic properties of hard cobalt boride composite nanoparticles. Acta Materialia, 58(19), 6474-6486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2010.08.009

Elastic properties of hard cobalt boride composite nanoparticles. / Rinaldi, A.; Correa-Duarte, M. A.; Salgueirino-Maceira, V.; Licoccia, S.; Traversa, E.; Dávila-Ibáñez, A. B.; Peralta, Pedro; Sieradzki, Karl.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 58, No. 19, 11.2010, p. 6474-6486.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rinaldi, A, Correa-Duarte, MA, Salgueirino-Maceira, V, Licoccia, S, Traversa, E, Dávila-Ibáñez, AB, Peralta, P & Sieradzki, K 2010, 'Elastic properties of hard cobalt boride composite nanoparticles', Acta Materialia, vol. 58, no. 19, pp. 6474-6486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2010.08.009
Rinaldi A, Correa-Duarte MA, Salgueirino-Maceira V, Licoccia S, Traversa E, Dávila-Ibáñez AB et al. Elastic properties of hard cobalt boride composite nanoparticles. Acta Materialia. 2010 Nov;58(19):6474-6486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2010.08.009
Rinaldi, A. ; Correa-Duarte, M. A. ; Salgueirino-Maceira, V. ; Licoccia, S. ; Traversa, E. ; Dávila-Ibáñez, A. B. ; Peralta, Pedro ; Sieradzki, Karl. / Elastic properties of hard cobalt boride composite nanoparticles. In: Acta Materialia. 2010 ; Vol. 58, No. 19. pp. 6474-6486.
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