Abstract

Despite their low cost and high nutrient density, the contribution of eggs to nutrient intake and dietary quality among Mexican-American postpartum women has not been evaluated. Nutrient intake and dietary quality, as assessed by the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010), were measured in habitually sedentary overweight/obese (body mass index (BMI) = 29.7 ± 3.5 kg/m2) Mexican-American postpartum women (28 ± 6 years) and compared between egg consumers (n = 82; any egg intake reported in at least one of three 24-h dietary recalls) and non-consumers (n = 57). Egg consumers had greater intake of energy (+808 kJ (193 kcal) or 14%; p = 0.033), protein (+9 g or 17%; p = 0.031), total fat (+9 g or 19%; p = 0.039), monounsaturated fat (+4 g or 24%; p = 0.020), and several micronutrients than non-consumers. Regarding HEI-2010 scores, egg consumers had a greater total protein foods score than non-consumers (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 4.3 ± 1.0; p = 0.004), and trends for greater total fruit (2.4 ± 1.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.7; p = 0.070) and the total composite HEI-2010 score (56.4 ± 12.6 vs. 52.3 ± 14.4; p = 0.082). Findings suggest that egg intake could contribute to greater nutrient intake and improved dietary quality among postpartum Mexican-American women. Because of greater energy intake among egg consumers, recommendations for overweight/obese individuals should include avoiding excessive energy intake and incorporating eggs to a nutrient-dense, fiber-rich dietary pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8402-8412
Number of pages11
JournalNutrients
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015

Fingerprint

Mexican Americans
nutritional adequacy
Postpartum Period
Ovum
healthy diet
nutrient intake
Food
energy intake
Energy Intake
nutrient density
Eggs
diet recall
monounsaturated fatty acids
dietary minerals
Fats
eating habits
protein sources
body mass index
dietary fiber
Micronutrients

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Eggs
  • Healthy eating index
  • Hispanic women
  • Nutrient intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Egg intake and dietary quality among overweight and obese Mexican-American postpartum women. / Vega-Lopez, Sonia; Pignotti, Giselle A P; Todd, Michael; Keller, Colleen.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 7, No. 10, 02.10.2015, p. 8402-8412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vega-Lopez, Sonia ; Pignotti, Giselle A P ; Todd, Michael ; Keller, Colleen. / Egg intake and dietary quality among overweight and obese Mexican-American postpartum women. In: Nutrients. 2015 ; Vol. 7, No. 10. pp. 8402-8412.
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abstract = "Despite their low cost and high nutrient density, the contribution of eggs to nutrient intake and dietary quality among Mexican-American postpartum women has not been evaluated. Nutrient intake and dietary quality, as assessed by the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010), were measured in habitually sedentary overweight/obese (body mass index (BMI) = 29.7 ± 3.5 kg/m2) Mexican-American postpartum women (28 ± 6 years) and compared between egg consumers (n = 82; any egg intake reported in at least one of three 24-h dietary recalls) and non-consumers (n = 57). Egg consumers had greater intake of energy (+808 kJ (193 kcal) or 14{\%}; p = 0.033), protein (+9 g or 17{\%}; p = 0.031), total fat (+9 g or 19{\%}; p = 0.039), monounsaturated fat (+4 g or 24{\%}; p = 0.020), and several micronutrients than non-consumers. Regarding HEI-2010 scores, egg consumers had a greater total protein foods score than non-consumers (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 4.3 ± 1.0; p = 0.004), and trends for greater total fruit (2.4 ± 1.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.7; p = 0.070) and the total composite HEI-2010 score (56.4 ± 12.6 vs. 52.3 ± 14.4; p = 0.082). Findings suggest that egg intake could contribute to greater nutrient intake and improved dietary quality among postpartum Mexican-American women. Because of greater energy intake among egg consumers, recommendations for overweight/obese individuals should include avoiding excessive energy intake and incorporating eggs to a nutrient-dense, fiber-rich dietary pattern.",
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