Two- and three-dimensional (2-D and 3-D) depth migration can be performed using 1-D and 2-D extrapolation digital filters, respectively. The depth extrapolation is done, one frequency at a time, by convolving the seismic wavefield with a complex-valued, frequency- and velocity-dependent, digital filter. This process requires the design of a complete set of extrapolation filters: one filter for each possible frequency-velocity pair. Instead of independently designing the frequency- and velocity-dependent filters, an efficient procedure is introduced for designing a complete set of 1-D and 2-D extrapolation filters using transformations. The problem of designing a desired set of migration filters is thus reduced to the design of a single 1-D filter, which is then mapped to produce all the desired 1D or 2-D migration filters. The new design procedure has the additional advantage that both the 1-D and 2-D migration filters can be realized efficiently and need not have their coefficients precomputed or tabulated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering