Effects of Veracity, Modality, and Sanctioning on Credibility Assessment During Mediated and Unmediated Interviews

Norah E. Dunbar, Matthew L. Jensen, Judee K. Burgoon, Katherine M. Kelley, Kylie J. Harrison, Bradley Adame, Daniel Rex Bernard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An experiment examined how veracity, modality, and experimenter sanctioning of deception influenced credibility assessments made by professionals who conducted interviews face-to-face (FtF) or by video conference (VC). Participants (N = 243) completed a trivia game with a confederate who encouraged cheating. Some lies were sanctioned by the experimenter and others were unsanctioned. The professional interviewers educed a high number of confessions in the sanctioned (58%) and unsanctioned (79%) lie conditions. Overall accuracy of the interviewers ranged from 45% to 67%. Interviewers were more accurate when judging veracity FtF than in VC. Those in the deceptive VC conditions (especially sanctioned liars) were rated by interviewers as more dominant, involved, relaxed, and active than those in the FtF condition, revealing that modality affected deceivers’ demeanor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)649-674
Number of pages26
JournalCommunication Research
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2015
Externally publishedYes

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credibility
video conference
interview
Experiments
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Modality
Credibility
experiment
Cheating
Deception
Confederate
Liar
Experiment

Keywords

  • computer-mediated communication
  • credibility
  • deception detection
  • interpersonal communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Effects of Veracity, Modality, and Sanctioning on Credibility Assessment During Mediated and Unmediated Interviews. / Dunbar, Norah E.; Jensen, Matthew L.; Burgoon, Judee K.; Kelley, Katherine M.; Harrison, Kylie J.; Adame, Bradley; Bernard, Daniel Rex.

In: Communication Research, Vol. 42, No. 5, 19.07.2015, p. 649-674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dunbar, Norah E. ; Jensen, Matthew L. ; Burgoon, Judee K. ; Kelley, Katherine M. ; Harrison, Kylie J. ; Adame, Bradley ; Bernard, Daniel Rex. / Effects of Veracity, Modality, and Sanctioning on Credibility Assessment During Mediated and Unmediated Interviews. In: Communication Research. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 5. pp. 649-674.
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