Effects of self-control training on study activity and academic performance: An analysis of self-monitoring, self-reward, and systematic-planning components

Jerry M. Greiner, Paul Karoly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations


Examined the relative efficacy of training in self-monitoring, self-reward, and planning as aids to self-control. 96 university students who, prior to treatment, did not differ on measures of scholastic achievement or study habits, were assigned to 6 groups, including a control group that received no treatment. Ss in the 5 treatment groups received training in a standard study method (SQ3R) and received different degrees of training in the components of self-control. Dependent measures included time spent studying, number of assigned study tasks completed, and change from pretreatment to posttreatment on quiz scores, GPA, and a standard measure (Survey of Study Habits and Attitudes) of study habits. Results indicate that neither training in self-monitoring alone nor self-monitoring plus self-reward techniques yielded significantly better performance than training in study methods alone. The group that received training in self-monitoring, self-reward, and planning strategies significantly outperformed other groups on nearly all measures. (31 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-502
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1976
Externally publishedYes



  • training in self monitoring & self reward & systematic planning as aids to self control, study habits & GPA, college students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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