Effects of resistance training on insulin sensitivity in overweight Latino adolescent males

Gabriel Q. Shaibi, Martha L. Cruz, Geoff D.C. Ball, Marc J. Weigensberg, George J. Salem, Noe C. Crespo, Michael I. Goran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

193 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Insulin resistance is thought to be a core defect in the pathophysiology of obesity-related comorbidities in children, such as type 2 diabetes. Exercise training is known to improve insulin resistance and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in adults. However, very little is known regarding the effects of exercise on insulin resistance in youth. Therefore, we examined the effects of a 16-wk resistance training exercise intervention on insulin sensitivity in youth at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Methods: Twenty-two overweight Latino adolescent males were randomly assigned to either a twice-per-week resistance training group (RT = 11) or a nonexercising control group (C = 11) for 16 wk. Strength was assessed by one-repetition maximum, body composition was quantified by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and insulin sensitivity was determined by the frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test with minimal modeling. Results: Significant increases in upper- and lower-body strength were observed in the RT compared with the C group. The RT group significantly increased insulin sensitivity compared with the C group (P < 0.05), and this increase remained significant after adjustment for changes in total fat mass and total lean tissue mass (P < 0.05). Compared with baseline values, insulin sensitivity increased 45.1 ± 7.3% in the RT group versus -0.9 ± 12.9% in controls (P < 0.01). Conclusion: A twice-per-week 16-wk resistance training program can significantly increase insulin sensitivity in overweight Latino adolescent males independent of changes in body composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1208-1215
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Children
  • Exercise
  • Insulin resistance
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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