Effects of quadriceps fatigue on the biomechanics of gait and slip propensity

Prakriti Parijat, Thurmon E. Lockhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines how lower extremity fatigue of the quadriceps alters gait variables related to slip propensity. Sixteen healthy young adults were recruited to walk across vinyl floor surfaces in states of fatigue and no fatigue. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected using a three-dimensional motion analysis system and force plates. The results indicated a significant increase in both the heel contact velocity and required coefficient of friction and a decrease in the transitional acceleration of the whole body center of mass and peak knee joint moment in the fatigue trials. Thus, suggesting that slip propensity could increase with fatigue. Additionally, there was increased knee flexion and reduced ankle dorsiflexion at the heel contact phase of the gait cycle during fatigue trials. These findings provide new insights into the biomechanical relationship between localized muscle fatigue and gait parameters associated with slip propensity. The present study concluded that localized muscle fatigue affects gait parameters and hence can be considered as a potential risk factor for slip-induced falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-573
Number of pages6
JournalGait and Posture
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Keywords

  • Falls
  • Fatigue
  • Gait
  • Locomotion
  • Slip propensity
  • Slips and Falls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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