Effects of position and type of question on learning from prose material

Interaction of treatments with individual differences

Richard J. Shavelson, David Berliner, Michael M. Ravitch, David Loeding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Randomly assigned 72 junior college Ss to 1 of 4 treatment groups: position (before or after) and type (lower order vs higher order) of question placed in prose material. A control group (n = 15) had no questions in text. Before instruction, Ss received 5 aptitude tests. Instruction consisted of a 1,525-word prose passage. Ss were tested immediately and 2 wks after instruction. Differences in group means on 4 measures of achievement usually were statistically significant but small. A vocabulary test interacted with treatments. Based on these findings, suggestions are offered for adapting instruction to individual learning needs: Ss with low vocabulary scores might be assigned to text material with higher order questions placed after a prose passage, while Ss with high vocabulary scores might be assigned to text without questions. (23 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1974
Externally publishedYes

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Vocabulary
Individuality
Aptitude Tests
Learning
instruction
Language Tests
vocabulary
interaction
learning
aptitude test
Control Groups
Group

Keywords

  • position &
  • type of question, learning from prose material, college students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Effects of position and type of question on learning from prose material : Interaction of treatments with individual differences. / Shavelson, Richard J.; Berliner, David; Ravitch, Michael M.; Loeding, David.

In: Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.02.1974, p. 40-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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