Effects of low and moderate exercise intensity on postprandial lipemia and postheparin plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in physically active men

Christos S. Katsanos, Peter W. Grandjean, Robert J. Moffatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to assess differences in the intensity of exercise to attenuate postprandial lipemia (PPL). Thirteen healthy men (age 23.8 ± 0.9 yr) participated in three random-ordered trials: in low-(25% peak oxygen consumption; Low) and moderate-intensity (65% peak oxygen consumption; Mod) exercise trials, which were completed 1 h before a high-fat meal (1.3 g fat/kg body mass), and a control (Con), fat meal only, trial. Venous blood samples were obtained before the fat meal, and at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 h after the fat meal. PPL in the Mod trial (267 ± 50 mg·dl -1·8 h) was lower compared with that in either Con (439 ± 81 mg·dl-1·8 h) or Low (403 ± 91 mg·dl-1&middot;8 h) trials (P < 0.05), whereas there was no difference in PPL between Con and Low trials (P > 0.05). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and HDL subtype 2 cholesterol were not different between or within trials (P > 0.05). Postprandial insulinemia was lower in the Mod trial (20.5 ± 5.7 μIU·ml-1· 8 h; P < 0.05), but not in the Low trial (31.4 + 4.7 μIU·ml -1· h), compared with that in the Con trial (34.9 ± 5. 0 μIU·ml-1·8 h). Postheparin lipoprotein lipase activity at 8 h was higher in the Low trial compared with that in either Con or Mod trials, whereas there were no differences between trials at 20 h. These results suggest that, when exercise is performed 1 h before a fat meal, only exercise of moderate but not of low intensity attenuates PPL and that this effect is not associated with changes in postheparin lipoprotein lipase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-188
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Fat meal
  • Hypertriglyceridemia
  • Insulinemia
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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