Effects of halogenated aromatics/aliphatics and nitrogen(N)-heterocyclic aromatics on estimating the persistence of future pharmaceutical compounds using a modified QSAR model

Seung Joo Lim, Peter Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of halogenated aromatics/aliphatics and nitrogen(N)-heterocyclic aromatics on estimating the persistence of future pharmaceutical compounds were investigated using a modified half life equation. The potential future pharmaceutical compounds investigated were approximately 2000 pharmaceutical drugs currently undergoing the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) testing. EPI Suite (BIOWIN) model estimates the fates of compounds based on the biodegradability under aerobic conditions. While BIOWIN considered the biodegradability of a compound only, the half life equation used in this study was modified by biodegradability, sorption and cometabolic oxidation. It was possible that the potential future pharmaceutical compounds were more accurately estimated using the modified half life equation. The modified half life equation considered sorption and cometabolic oxidation of halogenated aromatic/aliphatics and nitrogen(N)-heterocyclic aromatics in the sub-surface, while EPI Suite (BIOWIN) did not. Halogenated aliphatics in chemicals were more persistent than halogenated aromatics in the sub-surface. In addition, in the sub-surface environment, the fates of organic chemicals were much more affected by halogenation in chemicals than by nitrogen(N)-heterocyclic aromatics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume470-471
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Fingerprint

Drug products
Biodegradability
drug
Nitrogen
persistence
half life
nitrogen
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Sorption
Halogenation
Oxidation
sorption
Organic chemicals
Organic Chemicals
oxidation
oxic conditions
effect
Testing
biodegradability
chemical

Keywords

  • EPI Suite
  • Halogenation
  • Heterocyclic aromatics
  • Persistence
  • QSAR
  • Sub-surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

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