Effects of elevated temperatures on mechanical behavior of epoxy adhesives and CFRP-steel hybrid joints

Lu Ke, Chuanxi Li, Jun He, Shuai Dong, Can Chen, Yang Jiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High environmental temperatures can significantly degrade the mechanical behavior of CFRP-steel composites, due to the reduced bond performance of epoxy adhesives. Here, we systematically investigate the effects of elevated temperatures on the mechanical behavior of epoxy adhesives and CFRP-steel hybrid joints. First, the glass transition behavior and mechanical properties of four distinct epoxy adhesives subjected to elevated temperatures were studied via dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and tensile tests. The failure process of CFRP-steel double-lap joints was subsequently investigated under different elevated temperatures. Digital image correlation (DIC) technique was utilized to capture the full-field strains on the specimens during the testing. The results indicate that adhesive Araldite 2014 possesses the highest glass transition temperature, followed by adhesive J133. However, adhesive J133 possesses the highest tensile strength and toughness under all testing temperatures and forms the most robust bonding between CFRP and steel at these temperatures. The bond strength is reduced by over 50% at 70 °C compared with that at room temperature, and the degradation of bond strength is correlated with that of the tensile strength of the adhesives. We also find that it is more appropriate to use Tg,o as an indicator to determine the working temperature limit of epoxy adhesives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111789
JournalComposite Structures
Volume235
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

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Steel
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
Adhesives
Temperature
Tensile strength
carbon fiber reinforced plastic
Testing
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Toughness
Glass transition
Degradation
Mechanical properties
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Bond behavior
  • Digital image correlation
  • Elevated-temperature effect
  • Epoxy adhesive
  • Glass transition temperature
  • Mechanical behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Effects of elevated temperatures on mechanical behavior of epoxy adhesives and CFRP-steel hybrid joints. / Ke, Lu; Li, Chuanxi; He, Jun; Dong, Shuai; Chen, Can; Jiao, Yang.

In: Composite Structures, Vol. 235, 111789, 01.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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