Effects of approach and avoid mindsets on performance, self-regulatory cognition, and affect in a multi-task environment

Paul Karoly, Craig Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite numerous studies of approach- and avoidant mindsets, relatively little research has addressed the impact of such motivational orientations on performance and emotion in a real-time, multi-task setting. A laboratory simulation is reported that examines the influence of an induced approach-centered, an avoidance-centered, and a "neutral" motivational mindset upon multiple aspects of task performance, self-regulatory cognition, and affect. Undergraduate females randomly assigned to one of three mindset conditions performed a simulated automobile drive across one practice and two experimental trials. Dependent measures included divided attention, behavioral indicators of driving "cautiousness" in relatively safe straight roadway sections as well as during more risk-filled driving, multiple aspects of self-regulatory thinking (including self-monitoring, intended effort, and self-administered consequences), and positive and negative affect. Results revealed that the avoidant mindset produced poorer executive attention (i.e., fewer correctly detected divided attention events), more "cautious" driving behavior and reduced performance variability (i.e., greater control) when driving on presumably safe, straight roadway sections, lower self-reports of intended effort, and greater negative affect relative to the approach mindset. Results are intepreted within a self-regulation-centered motivational framework. Implications of the multi-task simulation for the study of normal and disordered adjustment are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-376
Number of pages22
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

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Cognition
Social Adjustment
Automobiles
Task Performance and Analysis
Self Report
Emotions
Research
Drive
Self-Control
Thinking

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Approach and avoid mindsets
  • Multi-task simulation
  • Self-regulation
  • Self-regulatory ergonomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Effects of approach and avoid mindsets on performance, self-regulatory cognition, and affect in a multi-task environment. / Karoly, Paul; Newton, Craig.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 30, No. 3, 06.2006, p. 355-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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