Effects of 4 weeks recombinant human growth hormone administration on insulin resistance of skeletal muscle in rats

Mi Jung Park, Sun Ryun Jung, Hyu Lyung Jung, Bruce W. Craig, Chong Lee, Ho Youl Kang

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    Abstract

    Purpose: Effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) administration on lipid storage, and its subsequent effect on insulin sensitivity have not yet been adequately examined. Thus, we investigated the effects of rhGH treatment on muscle triglyceride (TG) and ceramide content, and insulin sensitivity after 4 weeks of rhGH administration in rats. Materials and Methods: Fourteen rats were randomly assigned to two groups: rhGH injection group (GH, n = 7) and saline injection group (CON, n = 7). GH received rhGH by subcutaneous injections (130 μg·kg-1·day-1, 6 days·week-1) for 4 weeks, while CON received saline injections that were equivalent in volume to GH group. Intramuscular TG and ceramide content and hepatic TG content were measured. To determine insulin sesitivity, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and muscle incubation for glucose transport rate were performed in rats, and used as indicators of insulin sensitivity. We also examined plasm lipid profiles. Results: After 4 weeks of rhGH treatment, the GH group had higher muscle and liver TG contents than the CON (p < 0.05). Ceramide content in GH was significantly greater than that in CON (p < 0.05). GH also had higher plasma levels of FFA (p < 0.05), glucose and insulin responses during OGTT (p < 0.05), and lower glucose transport rates in submaximal insulin concentration (p < 0.05) as compared with CON. Results indicate that rhGH treatment is associated with insulin resistance in rats. Conclusion: rhGH treatment elevated muscle TG and ceramide content, and hepatic TG content. Thus, elevation of these compounde by rhGH treatment could contribute to the development of insulin resistance in rats.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1008-1016
    Number of pages9
    JournalYonsei Medical Journal
    Volume49
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

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    Keywords

    • Ceramide
    • Glucose transport rate
    • Growth hormone
    • Insulin resistance
    • Triglyceride content

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)

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