Effectiveness of the nicotine inhaler for smoking cessation in an OTC setting

Scott Leischow, James Ranger-Moore, Myra L. Muramoto, Eva Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Nicotrol® nicotine inhaler as an aid to smoking cessation in over-the-counter (OTC) versus health-care-provider (HCP) conditions. Methods: Five hundred twenty healthy smokers were randomized to the treatment conditions and followed for a year. Results: At most follow-up visits, abstinence rates for the HCP group were 2 to 3 times those observed in the OTC group. Abstinence at 1 year was .77% in the OTC condition versus 3.08% in the HCP condition [P<.01]. Inhaler use was low. Conclusions: OTC nicotine inhaler appears to be ineffective, though quit rates are improved with HCP assistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-301
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Nebulizers and Vaporizers
Smoking Cessation
Nicotine
Health Personnel
nicotine
smoking
health care
assistance
Group
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Nicotine inhaler
  • nicotine replacement.
  • OTC
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Effectiveness of the nicotine inhaler for smoking cessation in an OTC setting. / Leischow, Scott; Ranger-Moore, James; Muramoto, Myra L.; Matthews, Eva.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.01.2004, p. 291-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leischow, Scott ; Ranger-Moore, James ; Muramoto, Myra L. ; Matthews, Eva. / Effectiveness of the nicotine inhaler for smoking cessation in an OTC setting. In: American Journal of Health Behavior. 2004 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 291-301.
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