Effective work function of Pt, Pd, and Re on atomic layer deposited HfO 2

Diefeng Gu, Sandwip Dey, Prashant Majhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Platinum and Pd show a significant difference in work function on SiO 2 and high-K materials (HfO 2). The effective metal work functions for Pd, Pt, and Re on atomic layer deposited HfO 2, which are different from the vacuum work function and important for device threshold voltage control, are measured by the C-V method. The difference is attributed to the dipoles at the metal/ HfO 2 interface, which is a result of charge transfer across the interface. Moreover, the extracted charge neutrality level and screening parameter are correlated with the phase development, film stoichiometry, and density of interface states at the metal/high-K interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number082907
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 31 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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