Effect of Ursodeoxycholic Acid on Serum Lipids of Patients With Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

VIJAYAN BALAN, E. ROLLAND DICKSON, ROBERTA A. JORGENSEN, KEITH D. LINDOR

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on lipid levels in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). A randomized, placebo-controlled prospective trial of UDCA was conducted in 177 well-characterized patients with PBC. The two treatment groups (placebo and UDCA) were matched at entry with respect to age, sex, histologic stage of PBC, biochemical values, and serum lipid levels. Serum cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were measured at entry, 1 year, and 2 years. The decrease in total cholesterol level at 1 and 2 years in the UDCA-treated group was significant in comparison with that in the placebo group. Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels, however, were unchanged. No severe side effects from UDCA were noted. The changes in serum cholesterol levels at 2 years were directly and strongly correlated with changes in serum bilirubin concentrations (r = 0.70; P <0.001) and inversely correlated with initial serum cholesterol levels (r = −0.86; P<0.00001). The cholesterol-lowering effect of UDCA could be related to amelioration of the underlying liver disease or to a direct effect of the drug on the metabolism of cholesterol in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-929
Number of pages7
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume69
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • HDL
  • HMG-CoA
  • LDL
  • PBC
  • UDCA
  • high-density lipoprotein
  • hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A
  • low-density lipoprotein
  • primary biliary cirrhosis
  • ursodeoxycholic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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