Effect of supplemental vitamin E for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Paul G. Shekelle, Sally C. Morton, Lara K. Jungvig, Jay Udani, Myles Spar, Wenli Tu, Marika J. Suttorp, Ian Coulter, Sydne J. Newberry, Mary Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and synthesize the evidence on the effect of supplements of vitamin B on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: Systematic review of placebo-controlled randomized controlled trials; meta-analysis where justified. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Eighty-four eligible trials were identified. For the outcomes of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction, and blood lipids, neither supplements of vitamin E alone nor vitamin E given with other agents yielded a statistically significant beneficial or adverse pooled relative risk (for example, pooled relative risk of vitamin E alone = 0.96 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.84 to 1.10]; 0.97 [95% CI, 0.80 to 1.90]; and 0.72 [95% CI, 0.51 to 1.02] for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and nonfatal myocardial infarction, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There is good evidence that vitamin E supplementation does not beneficially or adversely affect cardiovascular outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-389
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Meta-analysis
  • Systematic review
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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