Effect of silver thickness and annealing on optical and electrical properties of Nb2O5/Ag/Nb2O5 multilayers as transparent composite electrode on flexible substrate

Aritra Dhar, Terry Alford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multilayer structures of Nb2O5/Ag/Nb2O5 have been deposited onto flexible substrates by sputtering at room temperature to develop indium free composite transparent conductive electrodes. The optical and electrical properties of the multilayers are measured by UV-Visible spectroscopy, Hall measurement and four point probe and the effect of Ag thickness has been studied. The critical thickness of Ag to form a continuous conducting layer is found to be 9.5 nm and the multilayer stack has been optimized to obtain a sheet resistance of 7.2 Ω/sq and an average optical transmittance of 86 % at 550 nm. The Haacke figure of merit (FOM) has been calculated for the films, and the multilayer with 9.5 nm thick Ag layer has the highest FOM with 31.5 x 10-3 Ω/sq, which is one of the best FOM reported till date for room temperature deposition on flexible substrates. The multilayered samples are annealed in vacuum, forming gas, air and O2 environments and the optical and electrical properties are compared against the as-deposited samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalEarth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
Volume1552
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2013

Keywords

  • Hall effect
  • composite
  • transparent conductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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