Effect of Reinforcement-Particle-Orientation Anisotropy on the Tensile and Fatigue Behavior of Metal-Matrix Composites

V. V. Ganesh, Nikhilesh Chawla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of extrusion-induced particle-orientation anisotropy on the mechanical behavior of metal-matrix composites (MMCs) was examined. In this study, we have shown that this anisotropy has a significant influence on the tensile and fatigue behavior SiC particle-reinforced Al alloy composites. The preferred orientation of SiC particles was observed parallel to the extrusion axis, with the extent of orientation being highest for the lowest-volume-fraction composites. The composites exhibited higher Young's modulus and tensile strength along the longitudinal direction (parallel to the extrusion axis) than in the transverse direction. The extent of anisotropic behavior increased with increasing volume fraction, because of the increasing influence of the SiC reinforcement on the Young's modulus and tensile properties. The preferred orientation also resulted in anisotropy in the fatigue behavior of the composite material. The trends mirrored those observed in tension, with higher overall fatigue strengths for both orientations and a higher anisotropy with increasing volume fraction of particles. The influence of particle-orientation anisotropy and the resulting tensile and fatigue damage mechanisms is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume35 A
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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