Effect of insulator profiles on dc flashover voltage under polluted conditions. A study using a dynamic arc model

R. Sundararajan, R. S. Gorur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations


From field experience and laboratory tests, it has been observed that the contamination flashover voltage of insulators used on dc lines is more influenced by geometry (diameter and profile) than those used on ac lines. Presented in this paper are the results and analysis of a study of the effect of insulator shapes on the dc contamination flashover voltage. A dynamic arc model is used for this purpose. The salient feature of the model is that it takes into account the geometry of the insulator at every instant of the arc propagation, and thus includes the role of geometry in the contamination flashover process. A variety of porcelain cap and pin insulator geometries that are widely used in practice have been evaluated using this model. Nonuniform pollution distribution on insulators, which is more representative of field conditions, has also been considered, and its effect on the flashover voltage has been evaluated for the various geometries. Results are in good agreement with the experimental findings. Use of the model as a design tool to select type and number of insulators for HVDC transmission lines has been illustrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-132
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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