Effect of Gold Thickness and Annealing on Optical and Electrical Properties of TiO<inf>2</inf>/Au/TiO<inf>2</inf> Multilayers as Transparent Composite Electrode on Flexible Substrate

Aritra Dhar, Zhao Zhao, Terry Alford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Multilayer structures of TiO<inf>2</inf>/Au/TiO<inf>2</inf> have been deposited onto flexible substrates by room temperature sputtering to develop indium-free transparent composite electrodes (TCEs). The effect of Au thicknesses on optical, electrical properties and the mechanism of conduction have been discussed. The electrical conductivity of the TCEs is solely contributed by the middle metal layer. The critical thickness (t<inf>c</inf>) of the Au mid-layer to form a continuous conducting layer is 10 nm, and the multilayer has been optimized to obtain a sheet resistance of 12.2 Ω/sq and an average optical transmittance of 86% at 590 nm. The Haacke figure of merit (FOM) for t<inf>c</inf> has one of the highest FOM with 18 × 10<sup>−3</sup> Ω<sup>−1</sup>. The samples were annealed in various environments for 24 h up to 150°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)840-844
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 19 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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