Effect of colloidal chemistry on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids

Ravi Prasher, Patrick Phelan, Prajesh Bhattacharya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nanofluids have attracted tremendous attention lately due to their promise as high thermal conductivity liquid and also due the inability of researchers all across the world in explaining the enhancement in the thermal conductivity. Various models and physics have been proposed and some of them have been quite successful in explaining the data, however none of the models in the literature take colloidal chemistry into account. Experimental data, however have shown dependence of thermal conductivity on pH and surface chemistry. In this paper we introduce a model which captures all the anomalies reported in the data 1) Effect of pH 2) effect of aging i.e. time 3) maxima in the thermal conductivity with respect to the diameter of the nanoparticles 4) increase and decrease in the ratio of the thermal conductivity of the nanofluids and the base fluids with increasing temperature. The model is based on the combination of aggregation kinetics with the physics of thermal transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006 - Heat Transfer
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Print)0791837904, 9780791837900
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Event2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2006Nov 10 2006

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD
ISSN (Print)0272-5673

Other

Other2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period11/5/0611/10/06

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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  • Cite this

    Prasher, R., Phelan, P., & Bhattacharya, P. (2006). Effect of colloidal chemistry on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids. In Proceedings of 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006 - Heat Transfer (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2006-13142