Bituminous materials are used in many civil engineering applications in which adhesion to a substrate is essential for good performance. Yet it is not possible to predict the adhesion of these materials. The particular case of bituminous crack sealants is of interest; the effect of sealant viscosity, aging, test temperature, and loading rates was investigated by means of a blister test. This test provided the bonding characteristics to a model aggregate in relation to interfacial fracture energy (IFE). From testing of several sealants, it was found that pouring viscosity affects adhesion and that higher viscosities help to attain higher IFEs. Temperature was found to play a key role on bonding characteristics and failure mechanism because it affected the viscoelastic properties of the sealant. The glass transition temperature (Tg) was found to have a governing role on bonding characteristics. At temperatures above Tg, bond strength was found to be affected by sealant flow such that failure was flow related; that is, cohesive failure prevailed. At temperatures below the Tg, at which sealants were stiff and bulk deformation was low, stress was directed toward the interface so that failure tended to be adhesive. In taking into account temperature and test rates, an IFE master curve was obtained for a sealant. Such a curve may be used in predicting and comparing sealant IFE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering