Effect of air-conditioner oversizing and control on electric-peak loads in a residence

T. A. Reddy, D. E. Claridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Severe capacity problems are experienced by several electric utilities during hot summer afternoons. It has been found that residential air-conditioning use is the major contributor to these peak loads. Two factors which increase this air-conditioning peak are: 1. (i) the amount by which the air-conditioner has been over-designed and 2. (ii) the manner in which the occupant operates his air-conditioner during hot summer afternoons. The objective of this paper is to present a simplified general model by which one is able to gauge the extent to which both of these factors impact air-conditioner electric-peak loads in a single residence. Illustrative examples on the use of the modeling equations are also given. This model, in conjunction with certain realistic assumptions regarding air-conditioner diversity in the service territory, should be helpful to utility analysts wishing to assess the impact of air-conditioner oversizing and occupant control on the total residential peak loads pertinent to their specific conditions and geographic location.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1139-1152
Number of pages14
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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