Effect of a polymorphism in the ND1 mitochondrial gene on human skeletal muscle mitochondrial function

Matthew R. Jackman, E. Ravussin, M. J. Rowe, R. Pratley, M. R. Milner, W. T. Willis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective:A non-silent polymorphism in the mitochondrial coding region of the ND1 gene, a subunit of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase is associated with resting metabolic rate (RMR) in 245 non-diabetic Pima Indians. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of the ND1 gene polymorphism on mitochondrial function in 14 male Pima Indians.Methods and Procedures:Seven subjects with an A at site 3547 of the ND1 gene (Ile at amino acid 81), and seven with a G at this site (Val) were studied. Mitochondria were isolated from 0.8 to 1.5 g of skeletal muscle obtained by needle biopsy of the lateral quadriceps muscle. In intact mitochondria, maximal (state-3) and resting (state-4) respiration rates were measured polarographically at 37 °C with a variety of single substrates or substrate combinations. Disrupted mitochondria were analyzed for maximal capacities through the entire electron transport chain (ETC) (NADH oxidase (NADHOX)), as well as through a segment of Complex I that is independent of the ND1 component (NADH-ferricyanide (NADH-FeCN) reductase).Results:Mitochondria were well coupled and exhibited higher respiratory control ratios (RCRs) than rodent muscle. There were no differences between the two groups for any of the measured parameters.Discussion:These results indicate that the cause of the observed association between RMR and the ND1 polymorphism is not related to in vitro mitochondrial function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-368
Number of pages6
JournalObesity
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Fingerprint

Mitochondrial Genes
Mitochondria
Skeletal Muscle
Potassium Iodide
Basal Metabolism
Rodent Control
Genes
NADH Dehydrogenase
Quadriceps Muscle
Needle Biopsy
Respiratory Rate
Electron Transport
NAD
Amino Acids
Muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Jackman, M. R., Ravussin, E., Rowe, M. J., Pratley, R., Milner, M. R., & Willis, W. T. (2008). Effect of a polymorphism in the ND1 mitochondrial gene on human skeletal muscle mitochondrial function. Obesity, 16(2), 363-368. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.40

Effect of a polymorphism in the ND1 mitochondrial gene on human skeletal muscle mitochondrial function. / Jackman, Matthew R.; Ravussin, E.; Rowe, M. J.; Pratley, R.; Milner, M. R.; Willis, W. T.

In: Obesity, Vol. 16, No. 2, 02.2008, p. 363-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jackman, MR, Ravussin, E, Rowe, MJ, Pratley, R, Milner, MR & Willis, WT 2008, 'Effect of a polymorphism in the ND1 mitochondrial gene on human skeletal muscle mitochondrial function', Obesity, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 363-368. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.40
Jackman, Matthew R. ; Ravussin, E. ; Rowe, M. J. ; Pratley, R. ; Milner, M. R. ; Willis, W. T. / Effect of a polymorphism in the ND1 mitochondrial gene on human skeletal muscle mitochondrial function. In: Obesity. 2008 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 363-368.
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