We have examined the effect of a combined 24 h exposure to cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) and the protein kinase C activator bryostatin 1, either alone or in conjunction with recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rGM-CSF), on the clonogenic growth of 14 primary samples from acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients, as well as normal human committed and early hematopoietic progenitors. Incubation of blasts with 1 μM ara-C and 12.5 nM bryostatin 1(± 1.25 ng/ml rGM-CSF) resulted in a heterogeneous pattern of inhibitory effects toward primary leukemic colonies, ranging from 32-98%, and subadditive to synergistic drug interactions. However, exposure of blasts to ara-C and bryostatin 1, either with or without rGM-CSF, eliminated leukemic cell self-renewal in 80-93% of samples, and very substantially reduced growth in the remainder. Exposure of normal human bone marrow mononuclear cells to identical concentrations of ara-C and byostatin 1 permitted the survival of 23% of committed myeloid progenitors (granulocyte-macrophage colonyforming units), and >50% when rGM-CSF was included. Finally, exposure of bone marrow populations highly enriched for progenitor cells (CD34+, DR-, CD71-) to ara-C and bryostatin 1 ± rGM-CSF for 24 h led to minimal reductions (e.g. 10-15%) in the survival of early hematopoietic progenitors (high proliferative potential colony-forming cells). Together, these findings indicate that combined exposure in vitro to ara-C and bryostatin 1, both with and without rGM-CSF, effectively inhibits the growth of leukemic cells with self-renewal capacity, while sparing a significant fraction of normal committed and primitive hematopoietic progenitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - May 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research