Ecotourism influence on community needs and the functions of protected areas

a systems thinking approach

Moren Tibabo Stone, Gyan Nyaupane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the community capitals framework with a systems thinking lens, we explored how the development of ecotourism has influenced changes in community needs that in turn have influenced the functions of protected areas (PAs). Data collected through semi-structured interviews and secondary sources, the Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust, located adjacent to Chobe National Park in Botswana, provide the research context. Results indicated that ecotourism development has led to stock accumulation of the natural capital in the form of wildlife. On the other hand, ecotourism development through the prevalence of cash flow and reinvestment in agriculture transformed agricultural practices and increased the demand of land for ploughing and henceforth heightened community–wildlife conflicts. Consequently, competing use of land for agriculture, wildlife, and tourism establishments has the potential to alter the functions of PAs in their effort to accommodate new changes. The domino effect induced by the introduction of ecotourism in a rural and isolated area leads to community prosperity that changes community needs and priorities, triggering unintended environmental consequences that further require PAs adaptive mitigation interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Ecotourism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 31 2016

Fingerprint

ecotourism
protected area
community
agriculture
reinvestment
natural capital
Botswana
enclave
plowing
agricultural practice
national park
prosperity
mitigation
tourism
conservation
Tourism
need
Systems thinking
Protected areas
Ecotourism

Keywords

  • Botswana
  • capital stocks and flows
  • community capitals framework
  • Nature-based tourism
  • wildlife-based ecotourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

Ecotourism influence on community needs and the functions of protected areas : a systems thinking approach. / Stone, Moren Tibabo; Nyaupane, Gyan.

In: Journal of Ecotourism, 31.08.2016, p. 1-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{412f521f7cab4ccf9efa538163795cb9,
title = "Ecotourism influence on community needs and the functions of protected areas: a systems thinking approach",
abstract = "Using the community capitals framework with a systems thinking lens, we explored how the development of ecotourism has influenced changes in community needs that in turn have influenced the functions of protected areas (PAs). Data collected through semi-structured interviews and secondary sources, the Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust, located adjacent to Chobe National Park in Botswana, provide the research context. Results indicated that ecotourism development has led to stock accumulation of the natural capital in the form of wildlife. On the other hand, ecotourism development through the prevalence of cash flow and reinvestment in agriculture transformed agricultural practices and increased the demand of land for ploughing and henceforth heightened community–wildlife conflicts. Consequently, competing use of land for agriculture, wildlife, and tourism establishments has the potential to alter the functions of PAs in their effort to accommodate new changes. The domino effect induced by the introduction of ecotourism in a rural and isolated area leads to community prosperity that changes community needs and priorities, triggering unintended environmental consequences that further require PAs adaptive mitigation interventions.",
keywords = "Botswana, capital stocks and flows, community capitals framework, Nature-based tourism, wildlife-based ecotourism",
author = "Stone, {Moren Tibabo} and Gyan Nyaupane",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1080/14724049.2016.1221959",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--25",
journal = "Journal of Ecotourism",
issn = "1472-4049",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecotourism influence on community needs and the functions of protected areas

T2 - a systems thinking approach

AU - Stone, Moren Tibabo

AU - Nyaupane, Gyan

PY - 2016/8/31

Y1 - 2016/8/31

N2 - Using the community capitals framework with a systems thinking lens, we explored how the development of ecotourism has influenced changes in community needs that in turn have influenced the functions of protected areas (PAs). Data collected through semi-structured interviews and secondary sources, the Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust, located adjacent to Chobe National Park in Botswana, provide the research context. Results indicated that ecotourism development has led to stock accumulation of the natural capital in the form of wildlife. On the other hand, ecotourism development through the prevalence of cash flow and reinvestment in agriculture transformed agricultural practices and increased the demand of land for ploughing and henceforth heightened community–wildlife conflicts. Consequently, competing use of land for agriculture, wildlife, and tourism establishments has the potential to alter the functions of PAs in their effort to accommodate new changes. The domino effect induced by the introduction of ecotourism in a rural and isolated area leads to community prosperity that changes community needs and priorities, triggering unintended environmental consequences that further require PAs adaptive mitigation interventions.

AB - Using the community capitals framework with a systems thinking lens, we explored how the development of ecotourism has influenced changes in community needs that in turn have influenced the functions of protected areas (PAs). Data collected through semi-structured interviews and secondary sources, the Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust, located adjacent to Chobe National Park in Botswana, provide the research context. Results indicated that ecotourism development has led to stock accumulation of the natural capital in the form of wildlife. On the other hand, ecotourism development through the prevalence of cash flow and reinvestment in agriculture transformed agricultural practices and increased the demand of land for ploughing and henceforth heightened community–wildlife conflicts. Consequently, competing use of land for agriculture, wildlife, and tourism establishments has the potential to alter the functions of PAs in their effort to accommodate new changes. The domino effect induced by the introduction of ecotourism in a rural and isolated area leads to community prosperity that changes community needs and priorities, triggering unintended environmental consequences that further require PAs adaptive mitigation interventions.

KW - Botswana

KW - capital stocks and flows

KW - community capitals framework

KW - Nature-based tourism

KW - wildlife-based ecotourism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84984916648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84984916648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14724049.2016.1221959

DO - 10.1080/14724049.2016.1221959

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 25

JO - Journal of Ecotourism

JF - Journal of Ecotourism

SN - 1472-4049

ER -