Ecological homogenization of urban USA

Peter M. Groffman, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Neil D. Bettez, J. Morgan Grove, Sharon Hall, James B. Heffernan, Sarah E. Hobbie, Kelli Larson, Jennifer L. Morse, Christopher Neill, Kristen Nelson, Jarlath O'Neil-Dunne, Laura Ogden, Diane E. Pataki, Colin Polsky, Rinku Roy Chowdhury, Meredith K. Steele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A visually apparent but scientifically untested outcome of land-use change is homogenization across urban areas, where neighborhoods in different parts of the country have similar patterns of roads, residential lots, commercial areas, and aquatic features. We hypothesize that this homogenization extends to ecological structure and also to ecosystem functions such as carbon dynamics and microclimate, with continental-scale implications. Further, we suggest that understanding urban homogenization will provide the basis for understanding the impacts of urban land-use change from local to continental scales. Here, we show how multi-scale, multidisciplinary datasets from six metropolitan areas that cover the major climatic regions of the US (Phoenix, AZ; Miami, FL; Baltimore, MD; Boston, MA; Minneapolis-St Paul, MN; and Los Angeles, CA) can be used to determine how household and neighborhood characteristics correlate with land-management practices, land-cover composition, and landscape structure and ecosystem functions at local, regional, and continental scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

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homogenization
ecosystem function
land use change
climatic region
landscape structure
microclimate
land management
metropolitan area
management practice
land cover
ecosystems
urban area
road
urban areas
roads
households
carbon
household

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Groffman, P. M., Cavender-Bares, J., Bettez, N. D., Grove, J. M., Hall, S., Heffernan, J. B., ... Steele, M. K. (2014). Ecological homogenization of urban USA. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12(1), 74-81. https://doi.org/10.1890/120374

Ecological homogenization of urban USA. / Groffman, Peter M.; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Bettez, Neil D.; Grove, J. Morgan; Hall, Sharon; Heffernan, James B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Larson, Kelli; Morse, Jennifer L.; Neill, Christopher; Nelson, Kristen; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Ogden, Laura; Pataki, Diane E.; Polsky, Colin; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy; Steele, Meredith K.

In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 12, No. 1, 02.2014, p. 74-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Groffman, PM, Cavender-Bares, J, Bettez, ND, Grove, JM, Hall, S, Heffernan, JB, Hobbie, SE, Larson, K, Morse, JL, Neill, C, Nelson, K, O'Neil-Dunne, J, Ogden, L, Pataki, DE, Polsky, C, Chowdhury, RR & Steele, MK 2014, 'Ecological homogenization of urban USA', Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 74-81. https://doi.org/10.1890/120374
Groffman PM, Cavender-Bares J, Bettez ND, Grove JM, Hall S, Heffernan JB et al. Ecological homogenization of urban USA. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2014 Feb;12(1):74-81. https://doi.org/10.1890/120374
Groffman, Peter M. ; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine ; Bettez, Neil D. ; Grove, J. Morgan ; Hall, Sharon ; Heffernan, James B. ; Hobbie, Sarah E. ; Larson, Kelli ; Morse, Jennifer L. ; Neill, Christopher ; Nelson, Kristen ; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath ; Ogden, Laura ; Pataki, Diane E. ; Polsky, Colin ; Chowdhury, Rinku Roy ; Steele, Meredith K. / Ecological homogenization of urban USA. In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2014 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 74-81.
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