Ecologic Correlates of Obesity in Rural Obese Adults

Rebecca E. Lee, K. Allen Greiner, Sandra Hall, Wendi Born, Kim S. Kimminau, Andrew Allison, Jasjit S. Ahluwalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We examined relationships of individual and environmental factors with obesity and trying to lose weight in rural residents. Methods: The joint contributions of individual and environmental factors on obesity status (obese vs. morbidly obese) and trying to lose weight (yes vs. no) were evaluated using generalized estimating equations. Patients at 29 clinics in rural areas (N = 414, M age 55.0 years (SD = 15.4), 66.3% female) completed anthropometric assessments of weight and height along with survey assessments of individual sociodemographics and trying to lose weight. Rural environments were assessed on aggregated physician access, and sociodemographic context. Results: Most participants (70%, M BMI = 38.3) were obese and 30% morbidly obese. A majority (73%, n = 302) of the sample was trying to lose weight. Compared to obese, morbidly obese participants were more likely to be younger, disproportionately female, not have private insurance, have more comorbid conditions, and rate themselves in worse health in comparison to their obese peers. Compared to not trying to lose weight, trying to lose weight participants were more likely to be younger, disproportionately female, have fewer comorbid conditions, and have attempted to lose weight more times through exercise. Few relationships were seen between environmental variables and obesity or trying to lose weight. Conclusions: There was no consistent pattern of relationships between environment factors and obesity or trying to lose weight was seen. Unique aspects of rural living may not be captured by traditionally available neighborhood measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-433
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Nutrition
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diet therapy
  • Environment
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Rural health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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  • Cite this

    Lee, R. E., Greiner, K. A., Hall, S., Born, W., Kimminau, K. S., Allison, A., & Ahluwalia, J. S. (2007). Ecologic Correlates of Obesity in Rural Obese Adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 26(5), 424-433. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2007.10719632