Eating Disorder Examination–Questionnaire and Clinical Impairment Assessment norms for intersectional identities using an MTurk sample

P. Evelyna Kambanis, Angeline R. Bottera, Christopher J. Mancuso, Samantha P. Spoor, Lisa M. Anderson, Natasha L. Burke, Kamryn T. Eddy, Kelsie T. Forbush, Jill F. Keith, Jason M. Lavender, Janell L. Mensinger, Christin Mujica, Jason M. Nagata, Marisol Perez, Kyle P. De Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: There are limited data to guide the interpretation of scores on measures of eating-disorder psychopathology among underrepresented individuals. We aimed to provide norms for the Eating Disorder Examination–Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) across racial/ethnic, gender, and sexual identities, and sexual orientations and their intersections by recruiting a diverse sample of Amazon MTurk workers (MTurkers; N = 1782). Method: We created a comprehensive, quantitative assessment of racial/ethnic identification, gender identification, sex assigned at birth, current sexual identification, and sexual orientation called the Demographic Assessment of Racial, Sexual, and Gender Identities (DARSGI). We calculated normative data for each demographic category response option. Results: Our sample was comprised of 68% underrepresented racial/ethnic identities, 42% underrepresented gender identities, 13% underrepresented sexes, and 49% underrepresented sexual orientations. We reported means and standard deviations for each demographic category response option and, where possible, mean estimates by percentile across intersectional groups. EDE-Q Global Score for a subset of identities and intersections in the current study were higher than previously reported norms for those identities/intersections. Discussion: This is the most thorough reporting of norms for the EDE-Q and CIA among racial/ethnic, sexual, and gender identities, and sexual orientations and the first reporting on multiple intersections, filling some of the gaps for commonly used measures of eating-disorder psychopathology. These norms may be used to contextualize eating-disorder psychopathology reported by underrepresented individuals. The data from the current study may help inform research on the prevention and treatment of eating-disorder psychopathology in underrepresented groups. Public Significance: We provide the most thorough reporting on racial/ethnic, sexual, and gender identities, and sexual orientations for the Eating Disorder Examination – Questionnaire and Clinical Impairment Assessment, and the first reporting on intersections, which fills some of the gaps for commonly used measures of eating-disorder psychopathology. These norms help inform research on the prevention and treatment of eating-disorder psychopathology in underrepresented groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1690-1707
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume55
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amazon MTurk
  • Clinical Impairment Assessment
  • diverse identities
  • Eating Disorder Examination–Questionnaire
  • eating-disorder psychopathology
  • gender identity
  • norm estimates
  • racial/ethnic identity
  • sexual identification
  • sexual orientation
  • underrepresented groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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