Earth as Organic Chemist

Everett Shock, Christiana Bockisch, Charlene Estrada, Kristopher Fecteau, Ian R. Gould, Hilairy Hartnett, Kristin Johnson, Kirtland Robinson, Jessie Shipp, Lynda Williams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Earth is a powerful organic chemist, transforming vast quantities of carbon through complex processes, leading to diverse suites of products that include the fossil fuels upon which modern societies depend. When exploring how the Earth operates as an organic chemist, it is tempting to turn to how organic reactions are traditionally studied in chemistry labs. While highly informative, especially in terms of insights gained into reaction mechanisms, this approach can also be a source of frustration, as many of the reactants and conditions employed in chemistry labs have few or no parallels to geologic processes. The primary goal of this chapter is to provide examples of predicting thermodynamic influences and using the predictions to design experiments that reveal the mechanisms of how reactions occur at the elevated temperatures and pressures encountered in the Earth. This work is ongoing, and we hope this chapter will inspire numerous and diverse experimental and theoretical advances in hydrothermal organic geochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDeep Carbon
Subtitle of host publicationPast to Present
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages415-446
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781108677950
ISBN (Print)9781108477499
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Deamination
  • Dehydration
  • Disproportionation
  • Geomimicry
  • Hydrothermal
  • Organic reactions
  • Oxidation-reduction
  • Thermodynamic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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