Early foraging settlement of the Tibetan Plateau highlands

David B. Madsen, Charles Perreault, David Rhode, Yongjuan Sun, Mingjie Yi, Katherine Brunson, P. Jeffrey Brantingham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We identified and dated 18 occupational events at eight sites dating to ~. 14.7-10.8. kiloannum before present (ka BP) during a decade of archaeological survey and excavation on the northeastern high Tibetan Plateau (TP) >. 3200. m. The ephemeral nature of the earliest sites suggests they were created by small foraging groups during very short stays. By ~. 12. ka BP, larger foraging groups began to occupy sites >. 4000. m leading to a more intensive occupation of the high TP after ~. 9.5. ka BP. This archaeologically-based chronology closely matches genetically-based Tibetan population histories showing an early growth in population size and initial split with Han populations ~. 15-9. ka BP, and a second spike in population growth during the early-mid Holocene. We found no evidence for occupation of the high TP prior to or during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), suggesting the initial separation of Tibetan and Han populations may have occurred at lower elevations in the TP margins or after the LGM in the high TP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchaeological Research in Asia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 28 2017

Fingerprint

present
occupation
population growth
small group
Highlands
Foraging
Tibetan Plateau
event
history
evidence
Group
Last Glacial Maximum
Chronology
Population History
Split
Population Growth
Archaeological Survey
Elevation
Archaeological Excavations
Ephemeral

Keywords

  • High altitude adaptation
  • Seasonal transhumance
  • Tibet Upper Paleolithic
  • Tibetan genetic history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Madsen, D. B., Perreault, C., Rhode, D., Sun, Y., Yi, M., Brunson, K., & Brantingham, P. J. (Accepted/In press). Early foraging settlement of the Tibetan Plateau highlands. Archaeological Research in Asia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ara.2017.04.003

Early foraging settlement of the Tibetan Plateau highlands. / Madsen, David B.; Perreault, Charles; Rhode, David; Sun, Yongjuan; Yi, Mingjie; Brunson, Katherine; Brantingham, P. Jeffrey.

In: Archaeological Research in Asia, 28.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Madsen, David B. ; Perreault, Charles ; Rhode, David ; Sun, Yongjuan ; Yi, Mingjie ; Brunson, Katherine ; Brantingham, P. Jeffrey. / Early foraging settlement of the Tibetan Plateau highlands. In: Archaeological Research in Asia. 2017.
@article{f048273f8ff74bac98260599909511ce,
title = "Early foraging settlement of the Tibetan Plateau highlands",
abstract = "We identified and dated 18 occupational events at eight sites dating to ~. 14.7-10.8. kiloannum before present (ka BP) during a decade of archaeological survey and excavation on the northeastern high Tibetan Plateau (TP) >. 3200. m. The ephemeral nature of the earliest sites suggests they were created by small foraging groups during very short stays. By ~. 12. ka BP, larger foraging groups began to occupy sites >. 4000. m leading to a more intensive occupation of the high TP after ~. 9.5. ka BP. This archaeologically-based chronology closely matches genetically-based Tibetan population histories showing an early growth in population size and initial split with Han populations ~. 15-9. ka BP, and a second spike in population growth during the early-mid Holocene. We found no evidence for occupation of the high TP prior to or during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), suggesting the initial separation of Tibetan and Han populations may have occurred at lower elevations in the TP margins or after the LGM in the high TP.",
keywords = "High altitude adaptation, Seasonal transhumance, Tibet Upper Paleolithic, Tibetan genetic history",
author = "Madsen, {David B.} and Charles Perreault and David Rhode and Yongjuan Sun and Mingjie Yi and Katherine Brunson and Brantingham, {P. Jeffrey}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/j.ara.2017.04.003",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Archaeological Research in Asia",
issn = "2352-2267",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early foraging settlement of the Tibetan Plateau highlands

AU - Madsen, David B.

AU - Perreault, Charles

AU - Rhode, David

AU - Sun, Yongjuan

AU - Yi, Mingjie

AU - Brunson, Katherine

AU - Brantingham, P. Jeffrey

PY - 2017/2/28

Y1 - 2017/2/28

N2 - We identified and dated 18 occupational events at eight sites dating to ~. 14.7-10.8. kiloannum before present (ka BP) during a decade of archaeological survey and excavation on the northeastern high Tibetan Plateau (TP) >. 3200. m. The ephemeral nature of the earliest sites suggests they were created by small foraging groups during very short stays. By ~. 12. ka BP, larger foraging groups began to occupy sites >. 4000. m leading to a more intensive occupation of the high TP after ~. 9.5. ka BP. This archaeologically-based chronology closely matches genetically-based Tibetan population histories showing an early growth in population size and initial split with Han populations ~. 15-9. ka BP, and a second spike in population growth during the early-mid Holocene. We found no evidence for occupation of the high TP prior to or during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), suggesting the initial separation of Tibetan and Han populations may have occurred at lower elevations in the TP margins or after the LGM in the high TP.

AB - We identified and dated 18 occupational events at eight sites dating to ~. 14.7-10.8. kiloannum before present (ka BP) during a decade of archaeological survey and excavation on the northeastern high Tibetan Plateau (TP) >. 3200. m. The ephemeral nature of the earliest sites suggests they were created by small foraging groups during very short stays. By ~. 12. ka BP, larger foraging groups began to occupy sites >. 4000. m leading to a more intensive occupation of the high TP after ~. 9.5. ka BP. This archaeologically-based chronology closely matches genetically-based Tibetan population histories showing an early growth in population size and initial split with Han populations ~. 15-9. ka BP, and a second spike in population growth during the early-mid Holocene. We found no evidence for occupation of the high TP prior to or during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), suggesting the initial separation of Tibetan and Han populations may have occurred at lower elevations in the TP margins or after the LGM in the high TP.

KW - High altitude adaptation

KW - Seasonal transhumance

KW - Tibet Upper Paleolithic

KW - Tibetan genetic history

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019598441&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019598441&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ara.2017.04.003

DO - 10.1016/j.ara.2017.04.003

M3 - Article

JO - Archaeological Research in Asia

JF - Archaeological Research in Asia

SN - 2352-2267

ER -