Early exposure to UV radiation overshadowed by precipitation and litter quality as drivers of decomposition in the northern Chihuahuan Desert

Daniel B. Hewins, Hanna Lee, Paul W. Barnes, Nathan G. McDowell, William T. Pockman, Thom Rahn, Heather Throop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dryland ecosystems cover nearly 45% of the Earth's land area and account for large proportions of terrestrial net primary production and carbon pools. However, predicting rates of plant litter decomposition in these vast ecosystems has proven challenging due to their distinctly dry and often hot climate regimes, and potentially unique physical drivers of decomposition. In this study, we elucidated the role of photopriming, i.e. exposure of standing dead leaf litter to solar radiation prior to litter drop that would chemically change litter and enhance biotic decay of fallen litter. We exposed litter substrates to three different UV radiation treatments simulating three-months of UV radiation exposure in southern New Mexico: no light, UVA+UVB+Visible, and UVA+Visible. There were three litter types: mesquite leaflets (Prosopis glandulosa, litter with high nitrogen (N) concentration), filter paper (pure cellulose), and basswood (Tilia spp, high lignin concentration). We deployed the photoprimed litter in the field within a large scale precipitation manipulation experiment: *50% precipitation reduction, *150% precipitation addition, and ambient control. Our results revealed the importance of litter substrate, particularly N content, for overall decomposition in drylands, as neither filter paper nor basswood exhibited measurable mass loss over the course of the year-long study, while high N-containing mesquite litter exhibited potential mass loss. We saw no effect of photopriming on subsequent microbial decay. We did observe a precipitation effect on mesquite where the rate of decay was more rapid in ambient and precipitation addition treatments than in the drought treatment. Overall, we found that precipitation and N played a critical role in litter mass loss. In contrast, photopriming had no detected effects on mass loss over the course of our year-long study. These results underpin the importance of biotic-driven decomposition, even in the presence of photopriming, for understanding litter decomposition and biogeochemical cycles in drylands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0210470
JournalPLoS One
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

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Prosopis
Chihuahuan Desert
Tilia
Ultraviolet radiation
ultraviolet radiation
Radiation
Decomposition
degradation
arid lands
Precipitation (meteorology)
deterioration
Ecosystem
plant litter
Ecosystems
Lignin
Droughts
Prosopis glandulosa
Climate
Cellulose
ecosystems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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Early exposure to UV radiation overshadowed by precipitation and litter quality as drivers of decomposition in the northern Chihuahuan Desert. / Hewins, Daniel B.; Lee, Hanna; Barnes, Paul W.; McDowell, Nathan G.; Pockman, William T.; Rahn, Thom; Throop, Heather.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 14, No. 2, e0210470, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hewins, Daniel B. ; Lee, Hanna ; Barnes, Paul W. ; McDowell, Nathan G. ; Pockman, William T. ; Rahn, Thom ; Throop, Heather. / Early exposure to UV radiation overshadowed by precipitation and litter quality as drivers of decomposition in the northern Chihuahuan Desert. In: PLoS One. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 2.
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