Early detection of prenatal substance exposure and the role of child welfare

Elizabeth Anthony, Michael J. Austin, Denicia R. Cormier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Substance use during pregnancy is a public health concern that has potential short- and long-term effects for infants and young children. Ongoing parental substance abuse and the home environment have significant consequences for infant and child development. Pregnancy may be an ideal time to address maternal substance abuse; however, early detection of prenatal substance use is complicated by a number of political/legal, economic, and social/attitudinal barriers. Addressing the needs of substance-exposed infants requires coordination of prevention (education and screening) and early intervention by multiple agencies, including child welfare. This article focuses on early detection of prenatal substance abuse, with attention to the role of the child welfare field. The article reviews the policy context for early detection and presents the results from a review of screening instruments for detecting substance use in pregnant women. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications of the findings for collaboration between programs and child welfare practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Child Development
Child Welfare
child welfare
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
infant
Substance Abuse Detection
Pregnancy
pregnancy
Pregnant Women
social opportunity
Public Health
Economics
Mothers
Education
public health
economics
education
Child Protective Services

Keywords

  • Child welfare
  • Early detection
  • Parental substance abuse
  • Prenatal substance exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Early detection of prenatal substance exposure and the role of child welfare. / Anthony, Elizabeth; Austin, Michael J.; Cormier, Denicia R.

In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 6-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anthony, Elizabeth ; Austin, Michael J. ; Cormier, Denicia R. / Early detection of prenatal substance exposure and the role of child welfare. In: Children and Youth Services Review. 2010 ; Vol. 32, No. 1. pp. 6-12.
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