Abstract

A comprehensive examination of the mathematics courses undergraduate engineering majors take in their first two years, and their success in those courses was conducted to determine the impact of course level and grade on student persistence in engineering. Six hundred fifty five, full-time freshmen enrolled as engineering majors at a major university in the Southwest United States participated in the study. Data was gathered from the 2007 freshman cohort. Students' grades for each of their first University mathematics courses were tracked, and used to gauge probabilities of subsequently persisting as an enrolled Engineering major. Participants were grouped into 9 categories representing 3 levels of course grade (A or B; C; and D, F, or W), crossed with 3 levels of course (Below Calculus I, Calculus I, and Above Calculus I). Student enrollment and graduation rates for each of these groups were examined for the next 5 years. A binary logistic regression with two main effects (Course and Grade) and one interaction was performed. Results show that if a student's first course was above Calculus I, they were 2.3 times more likely to be retained in Engineering than a student who took Calculus I. If a student took Pre-calculus or another course below Calculus I they were less than half as likely to persist in Engineering than those who took Calculus I (p<.001). Likewise, if a student received an A or B for their first mathematics course regardless of which course they took, they were 6.5 times more likely to persist than someone who received a D, F, or W in their first mathematics course (p< 0.001). The special role of Calculus as a gatekeeper, preventing engineering-intending students from obtaining an engineering degree, is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Volume2015-February
EditionFebruary
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2015
Event44th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE 2014 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: Oct 22 2014Oct 25 2014

Other

Other44th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE 2014
CountrySpain
CityMadrid
Period10/22/1410/25/14

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persistence
Students
engineering
student
mathematics
Gages
Logistics
gatekeeper
logistics
regression
examination
university

Keywords

  • Freshman retention
  • Mathematics
  • Persistence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Software
  • Education

Cite this

Middleton, J., Krause, S., Maass, S., Beeley, K., Collofello, J., & Culbertson, R. (2015). Early course and grade predictors of persistence in undergraduate engineering majors. In Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE (February ed., Vol. 2015-February). [7044367] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2014.7044367

Early course and grade predictors of persistence in undergraduate engineering majors. / Middleton, James; Krause, Stephen; Maass, Sean; Beeley, Kendra; Collofello, James; Culbertson, Robert.

Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE. Vol. 2015-February February. ed. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2015. 7044367.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Middleton, J, Krause, S, Maass, S, Beeley, K, Collofello, J & Culbertson, R 2015, Early course and grade predictors of persistence in undergraduate engineering majors. in Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE. February edn, vol. 2015-February, 7044367, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 44th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE 2014, Madrid, Spain, 10/22/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2014.7044367
Middleton J, Krause S, Maass S, Beeley K, Collofello J, Culbertson R. Early course and grade predictors of persistence in undergraduate engineering majors. In Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE. February ed. Vol. 2015-February. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2015. 7044367 https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2014.7044367
Middleton, James ; Krause, Stephen ; Maass, Sean ; Beeley, Kendra ; Collofello, James ; Culbertson, Robert. / Early course and grade predictors of persistence in undergraduate engineering majors. Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE. Vol. 2015-February February. ed. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2015.
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