Early Childhood Predictors of Severe Youth Violence in Low-Income Male Adolescents

Stephanie L. Sitnick, Daniel S. Shaw, Chelsea M. Weaver, Elizabeth C. Shelleby, Daniel E. Choe, Julia D. Reuben, Mary Gilliam, Emily Winslow, Lindsay Taraban

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Abstract

Using a cohort of 310 low-income male adolescents living in an urban community and followed prospectively from 18 months through adolescence (ages 15–18 years), the current study examined whether individual, family, and community risk factors from ages 18 to 42 months were associated with adolescents' violent behavior, as indexed by juvenile petitions. Results of multivariate analyses indicated that although family income was the only factor to discriminate those with no arrest record from those with nonviolent arrests, rejecting parenting, child oppositional behavior, emotion regulation, and minority status during the toddler period contributed unique variance in distinguishing male adolescents arrested for violent behavior compared to those never arrested and those arrested for nonviolent behavior. Implications for prevention efforts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalChild development
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Sitnick, S. L., Shaw, D. S., Weaver, C. M., Shelleby, E. C., Choe, D. E., Reuben, J. D., Gilliam, M., Winslow, E., & Taraban, L. (2017). Early Childhood Predictors of Severe Youth Violence in Low-Income Male Adolescents. Child development, 88(1), 27-40. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12680