Early Attrition From Treatment Among Women With Cooccurring Substance Use Disorders and PTSD

Stella M. Resko, Natasha Mendoza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Participant retention is one of the more challenging issues in the treatment of substance use disorders. Using data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network's Women and Trauma Study (recruitment in 2004-2005), we examine prominent factors associated with early attrition among women with cooccurring substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder (N = 340). Early treatment attrition is associated with a history of youth partner violence, perceived need for psychological treatment, and abuse of alcohol, opioids, and stimulants. Logistical barriers (e.g., transportation, having children) were not significantly associated with early attrition. Findings provide insight into characteristics of women who might need additional supports to engage in treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-369
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012



  • PTSD
  • cooccurring substance use
  • physical partner violence
  • trauma
  • treatment attrition
  • treatment retention
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this