Dynamics of the onset of damage in metals under shock loading

A. C. Koskelo, S. R. Greenfield, D. L. Paisley, K. J. McClellan, D. D. Byler, R. M. Dickerson, S. N. Luo, D. C. Swift, D. L. Tonks, Pedro Peralta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents results on the dynamics of damage in copper under incipient spall conditions for multicrystalline specimens. Specimens were annealed from polycrystalline material to reduce the number of grain boundaries the shock wave traverses in passing through the specimen. The specimens incorporated unique fiducials that permit accurate correlation of pre-shot characterization of the grain orientations, grain size etc. with the location of the dynamic diagnostics and with post-shot metallography. The dynamic diagnostics - Transient Imaging Displacement Interferometry (TIDI), point VISAR, line VISAR - were all precisely aligned on the specimen surface to view regions of interest revealed in the pre-shot characterization. Initial analyses demonstrate the wealth of information obtained from this experimental approach. Examples include observation that regions in the surface micro structure most likely to be damaged based on pre-shot characterization show some of the largest displacements during the shock-loading. Post-shot microscopy shows damage in the same places. Another observation is there appears to be localized plastic deformation that occurs during the first compression wave which then remains and evolves through several cycles of compression and release from the spall plane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages557-560
Number of pages4
Volume955
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event15th Biennial International Conference of the APS Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, SCCM 2007 - Waikoloa, HI, United States
Duration: Jun 24 2007Jun 29 2007

Other

Other15th Biennial International Conference of the APS Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, SCCM 2007
CountryUnited States
CityWaikoloa, HI
Period6/24/076/29/07

Fingerprint

shot
shock
damage
metals
compression waves
metallography
plastic deformation
shock waves
interferometry
grain boundaries
grain size
microscopy
copper
microstructure
cycles

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Ductile fracture
  • Spall
  • TIDI
  • TIM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Koskelo, A. C., Greenfield, S. R., Paisley, D. L., McClellan, K. J., Byler, D. D., Dickerson, R. M., ... Peralta, P. (2007). Dynamics of the onset of damage in metals under shock loading. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 955, pp. 557-560) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2833143

Dynamics of the onset of damage in metals under shock loading. / Koskelo, A. C.; Greenfield, S. R.; Paisley, D. L.; McClellan, K. J.; Byler, D. D.; Dickerson, R. M.; Luo, S. N.; Swift, D. C.; Tonks, D. L.; Peralta, Pedro.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 955 2007. p. 557-560.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Koskelo, AC, Greenfield, SR, Paisley, DL, McClellan, KJ, Byler, DD, Dickerson, RM, Luo, SN, Swift, DC, Tonks, DL & Peralta, P 2007, Dynamics of the onset of damage in metals under shock loading. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 955, pp. 557-560, 15th Biennial International Conference of the APS Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, SCCM 2007, Waikoloa, HI, United States, 6/24/07. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2833143
Koskelo AC, Greenfield SR, Paisley DL, McClellan KJ, Byler DD, Dickerson RM et al. Dynamics of the onset of damage in metals under shock loading. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 955. 2007. p. 557-560 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2833143
Koskelo, A. C. ; Greenfield, S. R. ; Paisley, D. L. ; McClellan, K. J. ; Byler, D. D. ; Dickerson, R. M. ; Luo, S. N. ; Swift, D. C. ; Tonks, D. L. ; Peralta, Pedro. / Dynamics of the onset of damage in metals under shock loading. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 955 2007. pp. 557-560
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AB - This paper presents results on the dynamics of damage in copper under incipient spall conditions for multicrystalline specimens. Specimens were annealed from polycrystalline material to reduce the number of grain boundaries the shock wave traverses in passing through the specimen. The specimens incorporated unique fiducials that permit accurate correlation of pre-shot characterization of the grain orientations, grain size etc. with the location of the dynamic diagnostics and with post-shot metallography. The dynamic diagnostics - Transient Imaging Displacement Interferometry (TIDI), point VISAR, line VISAR - were all precisely aligned on the specimen surface to view regions of interest revealed in the pre-shot characterization. Initial analyses demonstrate the wealth of information obtained from this experimental approach. Examples include observation that regions in the surface micro structure most likely to be damaged based on pre-shot characterization show some of the largest displacements during the shock-loading. Post-shot microscopy shows damage in the same places. Another observation is there appears to be localized plastic deformation that occurs during the first compression wave which then remains and evolves through several cycles of compression and release from the spall plane.

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