Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XX. Third harmonic experiments of non-linear dielectric effects versus a phenomenological model

Pyeongeun Kim, Amanda R. Young-Gonzales, Ranko Richert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have re-measured the third harmonic non-linear dielectric response of supercooled glycerol using zero-bias sinusoidal electric fields, with the aim of comparing the resulting susceptibilities with a phenomenological model of non-linear dielectric responses. In the absence of known chemical effects in this liquid, the present model accounts for three sources of non-linear behavior: dielectric saturation, field induced entropy reduction, and energy absorption from the time dependent field. Using parameters obtained from static high field results, the present model reproduces the characteristic features observed in the third harmonic susceptibility spectra: a low frequency plateau originating from dielectric saturation and a peak positioned below the loss peak frequency whose amplitude increases with decreasing temperature. Semi-quantitative agreement is achieved between experiment and the present model, which does not involve spatial scales or dynamical correlations explicitly. By calculating the three contributions separately, the model reveals that the entropy effect is the main source of the "hump" feature of this third harmonic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064510
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume145
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2016

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harmonics
Glass
glass
Liquids
liquids
Experiments
Entropy
entropy
magnetic permeability
saturation
chemical effects
energy absorption
Energy absorption
glycerols
Glycerol
plateaus
Electric fields
low frequencies
electric fields
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XX. Third harmonic experiments of non-linear dielectric effects versus a phenomenological model. / Kim, Pyeongeun; Young-Gonzales, Amanda R.; Richert, Ranko.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 145, No. 6, 064510, 14.08.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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