Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XII. Dielectric study of primary and secondary relaxations in ethylcyclohexane

Andrea Mandanici, Wei Huang, Maria Cutroni, Ranko Richert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamics of ethylcyclohexane are investigated by high resolution dielectric spectroscopy aiming to characterize the relevant relaxational features of this simple system in its fluid, supercooled liquid, and glassy states. The dielectric signature of structural relaxation is a primary loss peak with amplitude Δε=0.01, and a secondary loss process is found in the glassy state. This Β relaxation is compared with a "slow" process revealed by ultrasonics and with previously found γ and processes in similar materials containing the cyclohexyl group. The results suggest that this secondary process is an intramolecular mode rather than a Johari-Goldstein process, consistent with its persistence in the liquid state at slow relaxation times which exceed those of the α process. The dielectric activity of such a slow process requires that the dipole magnitude changes with the intramolecular transition, whereas a change in dipole direction only would be masked by the faster structural relaxation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124505
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume128
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

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Structural relaxation
Glass
Dielectric spectroscopy
glass
Liquids
liquids
Relaxation time
dipoles
Ultrasonics
Fluids
ultrasonics
relaxation time
signatures
fluids
high resolution
spectroscopy
ethylcyclohexane
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. XII. Dielectric study of primary and secondary relaxations in ethylcyclohexane. / Mandanici, Andrea; Huang, Wei; Cutroni, Maria; Richert, Ranko.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 128, No. 12, 124505, 2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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