A dynamic origin-destination demand estimation model for planning applications with real-time link counts from multiple days is presented. Based on an iterative bilevel estimation framework, the upper-level problem is to minimize both the deviation between estimated link flows and real-time link counts and the deviation between estimated time-dependent demand and given historical static demand. These two types of deviations are combined into a weighted objective function, where the weighting value is determined by an interactive approach to obtain the best compromise solution. The single-day formulation is further extended to use link counts from multiple days to estimate the variation in traffic demand over multiple days. A case study based on the Irvine test bed network is conducted to illustrate the methodology and estimate day-to-day demand patterns. The application illustrates considerable benefits in analyzing the demand dynamics with multiday data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering