Dynamic Assessment of Narratives Among Navajo Preschoolers

Davis E. Henderson, Maria Restrepo, Leona S. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined whether the Predictive Early Assessment of Reading and Language (PEARL), a dynamic assessment of narratives that measures language comprehension and production, accurately classifies Navajo preschoolers with typically developing (TD) language or with language impairment (LI).

Method: Ninety 4- and 5-year-old Navajo preschoolers were identified as having LI or are TD (n = 45 each) via a 5-measure battery: parent report, teacher report, English narrative, independent educational plan, and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamental Preschool-Second Edition (Wiig, Secord, & Semel, 2004). Children completed a PEARL pretest, a narrative mediation phase providing principles of narrative structure, and a PEARL posttest. A modifiability score reflected responsiveness to mediation.

Results: The PEARL pretest and posttest each distinguished children with LI versus TD children with 89% accuracy; modifiability scores identified children with 100% accuracy. The PEARL story grammar subtest at pretest and posttest best distinguished LI versus TD. A revised cutoff score on the PEARL pretest decreased the diagnosis of TD children as having LI; the standard PEARL posttest cutoff was retained.

Conclusion: The PEARL is a promising assessment for accurately differentiating Navajo preschool children with LI from those with TD language, particularly with a revised pretest cutoff score.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2547-2560
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018

Fingerprint

Language
narrative
language
Reading
Child Language
Dynamic Assessment
Preschoolers
mediation
Language Impairment
Preschool Children
preschool child
Posttests
grammar
comprehension
parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Dynamic Assessment of Narratives Among Navajo Preschoolers. / Henderson, Davis E.; Restrepo, Maria; Aiken, Leona S.

In: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR, Vol. 61, No. 10, 26.10.2018, p. 2547-2560.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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