“Drop the Clipboard and Help Me!”: The Determinants of Observer Effects in Police Encounters with Suspects

Richard Spano, Michael D. Reisig

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 2005
EventThe 57th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology - Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Duration: Jan 1 2005 → …

Conference

ConferenceThe 57th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology
CountryCanada
CityToronto, Ontario
Period1/1/05 → …

Cite this

Spano, R., & Reisig, M. D. (2005). “Drop the Clipboard and Help Me!”: The Determinants of Observer Effects in Police Encounters with Suspects. Paper presented at The 57th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.