For this work, a cure-in-place polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) reactive ink was developed and its utility demonstrated by printing a complete microfluidic mixer with integrated electrodes to measure fluid conductivity, concentration, and mixing completeness. First, a parameter-space investigation was conducted to generate a set of PDMS inks and printing parameters compatible with drop-on-demand (DOD) printing constraints. Next, a microfluidic mixer was fabricated using DOD-printed silver reactive inks, PDMS reactive inks, and a low-temperature polyethylene glycol fugitive ink. Lastly, the device was calibrated and tested using NaCl solutions with concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 1.0 M to show that electrolyte concentration and mixing completeness can be accurately measured. Overall, this work demonstrates a set of reactive inks and processes to fabricate sophisticated microfluidic devices using low-cost inks and DOD printing techniques.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry