Double network hydrogels prepared from pH-responsive doubly crosslinked microgels

Thomas Lane, Julianne Holloway, Amir H. Milani, Jennifer M. Saunders, Anthony J. Freemont, Brian R. Saunders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Doubly crosslinked (DX) microgels are macroscopic hydrogels comprised of covalently inter-linked microgels. In this study pH-responsive DX microgels comprised of pH-responsive poly(ethylacrylate-co-methacrylic acid-co-1,4-butanediol diacrylate) (PEA-MAA-BDD) microgels were swollen with an acrylamide (AAm)/N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide (MBAAm) co-monomer solution which was copolymerised to give double network doubly crosslinked microgels (DN DX microgel). The DN DX microgels contained about 85 vol% of PAAm-co-MBAAm and 15 vol% DX microgel in the dry state. The DN DX microgels showed major improvements of their mechanical properties compared to the parent DX microgels and less pronounced pH-triggered swelling changes. The gel mechanical properties were investigated using dynamic rheology and compression stress vs. strain measurements. The new DN DX microgels had much improved shear and compression modulus (435 kPa), yield strains and toughness (105 kJ m-3) compared to the parent DX microgels. By improving both the modulus and ductility of our DX microgels, the double network approach offers improved potential for future application of DX microgels as implantable biomaterials in high load environments as well as membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7934-7941
Number of pages8
JournalSoft Matter
Volume9
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Hydrogels
Mechanical properties
Acrylamide
Strain measurement
Biocompatible Materials
Rheology
mechanical properties
Toughness
Swelling
Ductility
Monomers
strain measurement
Gels
toughness
Membranes
ductility
rheology
swelling
monomers
gels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Lane, T., Holloway, J., Milani, A. H., Saunders, J. M., Freemont, A. J., & Saunders, B. R. (2013). Double network hydrogels prepared from pH-responsive doubly crosslinked microgels. Soft Matter, 9(33), 7934-7941. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm51356d

Double network hydrogels prepared from pH-responsive doubly crosslinked microgels. / Lane, Thomas; Holloway, Julianne; Milani, Amir H.; Saunders, Jennifer M.; Freemont, Anthony J.; Saunders, Brian R.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 9, No. 33, 2013, p. 7934-7941.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lane, T, Holloway, J, Milani, AH, Saunders, JM, Freemont, AJ & Saunders, BR 2013, 'Double network hydrogels prepared from pH-responsive doubly crosslinked microgels', Soft Matter, vol. 9, no. 33, pp. 7934-7941. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm51356d
Lane, Thomas ; Holloway, Julianne ; Milani, Amir H. ; Saunders, Jennifer M. ; Freemont, Anthony J. ; Saunders, Brian R. / Double network hydrogels prepared from pH-responsive doubly crosslinked microgels. In: Soft Matter. 2013 ; Vol. 9, No. 33. pp. 7934-7941.
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